What is in length?
Nile is the greatest river on earth as it supplies water to the most needy part of the earth; the Sahara Desert; almost 100% of the Nile’s course is through Sahara world most arid desert; considering this great mission of this river’ the question that whether it is the longest river on earth seems irrelevant (it has been opined that River Amazon is longer than Nile by a few km; but what Nile supplies is precious water not length).
The Greeks Called at ‘neilos’ meaning valley. Ancient Africans called it ‘aur’, ‘iteru’ etc meaning black (the rich sediments made the river black). For Egyptians River Nile was their Holy ‘God Hapi’ visible to their eyes, they called the
Ptolemy and Hebrew children
In its long history many a human being had to sacrifice his life in this eternal river; one of the Pharaohs got alarmed by the Hebrew People gaining strength in population; it is said that the Pharaoh ordered that the first child born to a Hebrew family must be drowned in Nile! If the story is true there might be millions of Hebrew children merged in the
The only source
The area irrigated by Nile equals the total area of India; for Egypt about 25 cities flourish beside this river; its more than 75% people live in Nile basin; for these people they have they have nothing else but River Nile to source water to drink or bathe; agriculture, food, transport, travel and employment of the whole area when depends on this river; how absurd it would be to think a life here without Nile.
Length and related issues
The River Nile is 6670 km in length; it is a combination of two rivers; the source of White Nile is generally accepted as the Ripon Falls an overflow of Lake Victoria; but there is one river that feed Lake Victoria that can be considered as an extension of Nile; the Kagera River that emerges from the Nyungwe Forests and its tributary Ravubu. When the length of Kagera is added
White and Blue
Bahr el Jabel and Sobat
Lake Victoria the primary source of the White Nile is the largest lake in Africa by volume of water (2750 cubic km); it has a length of 337 km and a breadth of 250 km; and an average 40 meters; shore length 3440 km. Three nations share the lake;
It is in
The Sudd (marsh lands) are great wet lands where the Whit Nile (here the
In its long course; this great river traverses many countries and numerous landmarks one prominent site is the Abu Simbel Temple; the twin temple dedicated to Ramesses II at upstream Aswan; famous for its marvelous statues and was in news at the time of construction of the famous Aswan dam the dream child of Abdul Nasser former Egyptian ruler.
This dam built with Soviet help gave birth to gigantic artificial lake (Lake Nasser) with a length of 550 km and a width of 35 km. This twin temple was replaced with the help of UNESCO to a higher location to avoid getting submerged in the lake.
Qena and Dendera
Qena is located north of
The town of Luxor where the world’s biggest temple complex is situated; it occupies 62 acres of built in areas (Karnak Temple - most of the parts now ruined); it is the second most visited structure in Egypt after the Pyramids. On the west bank of
Four gates (babs) were installed and no one without any specific purpose were allowed inside.
Giza needs no introduction is the most famous site in Egypt as well as the world, with its eternal Pyramids, the mysterious sphinxes, tombs, mummies, etc all remaining as the everlasting wonders in the world; it is close to the city of Cairo.
The big River Nile leaves a big delta also; the Nile Delta is one of the world’s largest one spreading 240 km along the