The Pyramids of
The Pyramids of Giza image courtsey: bbc.co.uk
The step pyramid and the plain pyramid.
There were universally accepted seven wonders existed in the world, the pyramids are the only member still standing there without any damages, the main reasons being they (Pyramids) are the most stable structures capable to resist the forces of nature like wind, rain and earth-quake and as they were made of granite blocks they could resist sun and rain. The forerunner of the true pyramid is the step pyramid and of the many step pyramids built most of them perished. One in full shape left is that of King Netjerykhet Djoser. As not appealing to eye of the onlooker; its construction was discontinued.
Built to last.
Pyramids have always remained as wonder and they were not in need of the approval of a committee hence the government of
Egyptian ones are ideal.
Architecturally speaking pyramids are three dimensional polyhedron structures with four sides tapering upper part and broad base. In
Khufu, Khafre and the Red Pyramid.
By volume the Pyramid of Cholula in the state of
The Symbol of
In Egypt Pyramids lie scattered in the following places from North to South Giza is the richest as it is endowed with the most important ones like that of Khufu’s and Khafre’s Pyramids. In front of the Khufu’s Pyramid stands (sits) the Sphynx the legendary lion with human head (its head is assumed to be that of Pharaos). The Pyramid of Khufu with the Sphynx in front has gained the symbol of
Time of construction is not known but assumed to be between 26th century BC and the fag end of first century BC. Considering the size of these elaborate structures built it has been estimated that about 400 years would have taken for the making of the massive ones.
As per the customs of this cultures the cremation of the dead were done in very unusual manner. First the internal organs of the dead-bodies were removed and cavities stuffed with certain preservatives of those times, body embalmed with linen and coated with perfumes and other materials believed to have magical powers. Internal organs cut off are kept in earthen jars and also preserved. Brain from the skull removed and replaced with resin and saw dust mixture. These embalmed mummies are kept in pyramids to see that the soul at the time of rebirth should not wander for a body. It is a strange phenomenon that these mummies packed thousands of years back still remain intact.
If these pyramids are monuments for the dead royal family members where these royal families lived (their palaces must be far grander than their dead member’s cove) but there is not even a trace of those palaces left. All attempts of archaeologists to trace the remnants of the palaces were futile and assumptions are available in this regard. How come that when tombs of the dead remain intact the palaces where people lived vanished in the thin air!
How many are there?
It seems strange that the accurate number of pyramids existing in Egypt is still not confirmed, Karl Richard Lepsius an expert who conducted a survey recorded 67 numbers but that was years back and many more have been later found, now it is estimated that they number between 80 and 111, most of them located in remote corners and getting looted mercilessly for the mere stones of which they are formed of.
How was such massive structures built at that time?
There is no scarcity for intrigue as far as these pyramids are concerned! The Khufu’s Pyramid was made of 230,000 blocks of granites some of the blocks weigh about 9 tons how these gigantic blocks of stones were lifted and placed in such heights? No one could give a satisfactory answer, some argue that huge pile of sand hill made and these block of stones were pushed and rolled through over the sand hill ramp. If such a sand hill ramp has to be made it should at least be miles in diameter and seems almost impossible to conceive. Some people are of the view that wooden frames were used to lift the stones the fact is no one knows actually how they did it!
Pyramids and the modern times.
Pyramids have been subjected to robbery even from the ancient times most of the culprits being the very laborers who built it. The jewels and other costly items enclosed along with the coffin was the main reason for that. Those who live nearby take away the stones for their personal use thereby depleting most of the pyramids to untraceable levels! The latest problem is the tourists who flock to it draw and write on it as well as do many things that tarnish the sanctity of the structures.
The Bosnian Pyramid.
A very interesting story of yet another pyramid is doing round in Bosnia Herzegovina near
Modern rivals no match.
Pyramids remained as the largest manmade structures for millennia and only in 1330 AD their position for first time got challenged by