The Kremlin and Red Square
Kremlin palace image courtsey: rbrides.com
Kremlin – a fortressed complex with most beautiful
cathedrals, Palaces and armories.
The heart of
Kremlin is undoubtedly the heart of the biggest nation in the world
From the beginning of the 12th century Kremlin has been the nerve center of Russia, with a brief spell when Peter the Great shifted his capital to Peter’s burg alone Kremlin was deprived of that status. When
Peter the great image courtsey: wikipedia.org
In its centuries old history it has witnessed numerous often horrific dramas in the corridors of power; either religious or political.
Interior Kremlin Palace image courtsey: geocities.com
Despite the horrendous course of history Kremlin had to undergo its towers remain as a feast to the eye of onlookers, because they are such works of art; so unique and unparalleled.
The Grand Kremlin Palace image courtsey: newsimg.bbc.co.uk
Kremlin is the official residence of the president of
Kremlin photo courtsey: geocities.com
The complex existed even before it came to be known as Kremlin (former name was Grad, name Kremlin from 1331), the first to do extensive beautification and considerable extension works was Dolgorukiy in 1156. The ‘credit’ destroying Kremlin first goes to the Mongols on 1237, but got it rebuilt in 1339.
Ivan the Great.
Ivan the great image courtsey: wikipedia.org
1462 -1505 was the golden times Ivan the Great on the helm Kremlin rose to the nerve center of whole
Napoleon Blown apart.
Napolean Bonaparte image courtsey: tripod.com
The French army under Napoleon invaded and occupied Kremlin for a period (September 2nd to October 11th). At the time of his retreat Napoleon ordered to blow up the entire structure; and Kremlin burned for three days (21 -23 October) finally a timely rain put out the fire. Several towers and valuable archives were lost in this ghastly incident. As usual this damage was also repaired under architect Osip Bave during the period of Alexander 1. Kremlin emerged in a more beautiful shape in its neo gothic style.
Kremlin Armory image courtsey: geocities.com
It was built by Peter the Great, for the storage of weapons it gradually gained the status of a repository of the exquisite materials of the royal palace. With the retreat of Napoleon it served as an exhibition hall for the weapons captured for the Napoleon’s army (Grande Armee). The real weapons shifted to Peter’s burg had been returned to here on 1851. The armory has one of the richest holding of very valuable as well as the rarest materials on earth like the Orlov diamond that weighs 190 carats.
Kremlin Auditorium image coursey: geocities.com
This is a modern building built by Khrushchev former Soviet premier in 1961. This has an auditorium with a seating capacity of 6000 and serves for the congresses of Communist Party held annually. Monumental bas relief (sculptures partly projecting out of walls) of Lenin’s face with radiation of light is a prominent work catches viewer’s attraction.
The big public space constructed by Ivan the Great; it is the representative of the Tsarist regime. Nobilities of that time used to assemble here and high profile ceremonies like coronation etc used to be held here.
- Cathedral of the Dominion.
- Cathedral of the Annunciation.
- Cathedral of the Arch-Angel.
- Cathedral of 12 Apostles and
(domestic churches). Churchof Deposition
Tsar Cannon and bell.
TSAR canon image courtsey: geocities.com
These two are world’s most cherished possessions stored in the Kremlin, the cannon the biggest in the world (890 mm caliber) has never been used, its barrel is five meter long and the cannon weighs 40 tons! Its barrel is decorated with artworks like a fight between lion and snake.
TSAR bell image courtsey: geocities.com
The bell the largest in the world weighs 200 tons! Built by Empress Anna in 1737 it fell from the cast and cracked, it could never ring as the cannon could never fire!
Ivan the Great Bell-Tower.
Ivan Bell Tower image courtsey: geocities.com
The tallest structure of
Assumption Cathedral image courtsey: grahamglass.blogs.com
Built by Ivan 1 in 1330 is the oldest of all structures and the biggest, built by the Italian architect Fioravanti from
The three great palaces.
These palaces are not open to visitors of which Terem palace the oldest, the
Kremlin as a complex.
It is a fact that most of the remarkable constructions in the world are either of the kings (palaces, armory or forts) or of the gods (temples, church or mosques). The specialty with Kremlin is that it is a fort, a group of palaces as well as a group of cathedrals, or in other words a full-fledged city within a city. The onion-shaped spires of Kremlin stands as a wonderful spectacle even among a million structures easily identifiable for its colorful domes and looks rather crowded from a distance as if flower-buds placed in a pot and gives the an unworldly feeling to the spectators.