Lake Baikal, Siberia Russia - The blue eye of Siberia
This giant among fresh-water lakes; that contains 20% of the world’s total fresh water stock; remained almost unknown under the iron curtain spread by the erstwhile Communist regime. It was the publicity stunts associated with the construction of the Baikal Amur Railway made the existence of such a magnificent lake –known as the bule eye of
Baikal Amur Railway
This is one of the biggest projects undertaken by the
Not just sediments; it is virtual treasure!
The bottom of this lake is 1280 meters below sea level one may think it is that deep but not; seven km deep mud (sediments accumulated in its bottom occupy that depth –about 7 km. This ‘mud’ that has been formed for about 25 30 millions of years, which would have many stories to tell; the events occurred on the mother earth for the last 25 million years, animals and plants born evolved during this time all!
In 1990 geologists of
A fresh water monopolist in a communist land!
The word ‘Baikal’ is said to have its origin from the Mongolian word baigal which means nature. It has 330 rivers flowing in to it from various surrounding
Though the surface area of this lake is not as big as the other great lakes (23600 sq km), its great depth (1.637 km!) compensates more than enough as it holds water far greater than any of the other great lakes in the world, it contains 31494 sq km of fresh water (even the water of the great five lakes of US is put together it would not equal the Baikal water.
The Russian Galapagos
Lyuba and her story
Lyuba is/was a six month old female baby mammoth; lived in
The story Lyuba has to tell is not only about mammoths but of the man himself; the reason for her body getting exposed was the melting of the permafrost, a warning sign of human being also, either change your lifestyle or be prepared to follow the mammoths.
Lyuba image courtsey: umich.edu
This is a 72 km long mountainous island formed due to the tectonic activities; it has a total area of 730 sq kms and it is located at about 1276 meters above sea level.
Though Okhlon is a lake island; it has all the geographies of a big continent, a small desert, steppes, taiga regions, its own lakes, high mountains and every thing a continent can have but a sea!
No. 1 not just in size alone
The scenic beauty of the lake and its surroundings are not properly understood, the Berguzin Mountain; protector of the area is endowed with dense forests; these are home to many types of animals like elks, lynx, bears and many other animals it has ideal trekking places also. The lake that freezes in winter is skiers’ paradise, during summer the shores get covered by herbs in full bloom looking like heaven. Boating facilities are available after the ice melts.
Fish that tastes different!
This lake is not just fun it is a valuable source of fish for the surrounding areas, its nerpas (an endemic variety of fresh water seal), golomyanka (sculpin fish- a rare viviparous fish –that gives birth to children; instead of laying eggs), omul salmon (a celebrity claimed to be the tastiest fish in the world exclusive of his region), episura (a type of cray fish) are just some of them. When the lake yields fish its surroundings yield valuable timber for the nation.
Baikalsk Conference; an issue of lake- inmates
As we know that the Baikal region is rich in forests and man has found it as an important source for raw material for paper mills, this region is rich in mineral resources and mining also is rampant. The crude technology belonging to the erstwhile Soviet Era employed in these mills located in this area is causing tremendous pollution of river and lake. A nation’s responsibility does not end in extracting natural wealth but it has the duty of preserving them to the future generations also. The fat of one nerpa fish when tested contained large quantity of dioxin, this means that the poison is reaching from fish to human beings.
In August 22 to 30 a conference was held in Baikalsk, delegates from