Machu Picchu (means old peak in the local language) is the most amazing remnants of the Inca Empire and great civilization that engulfed the whole of
No script; not even wheels; yet!
There are altogether about 140 constructions in this site; all made of shaped and polished stones so tightly packed leaving no gaps between them. All these structures were made by the Incas who did not know about wheels and carts. They did not even have a script hence written statements regarding these works or the technology they adopted is not available. As these works are done on mountain slopes and more than hundred steps to connect them; all cut in stone. Remnants of fountains used to irrigate garden-plants, and vents for the disposal of waste and storm-water; all made of stones!
Differences of opinion exist among experts regarding the purpose of all these constructions in the slope of a remote mountain; all surrounded by dense tropical forests. There was human inhabitation in this ‘lost city’ from its construction on 1440 till 1532 and about 750 people resided here. One of the opinions is that; it was the hiding place for high-profile leaders in the events of any attack, it also is considered as the capital to manage the economic affairs of Inca regions occupied by the Spanish. A more credible one is this that it was only a retreat for the Royal and influential ones of the society. Whatever be the case this site was never found by the invading Spanish, even the outside world come to know about it only in the 20th century!
The Inca Empire and its civilization,
The Inca Empire originated as a small tribal village in 1197 under the tribal chief Manco Capac; with the city of
The Incas excelled in architecture -as seen in the
The whole ‘city’ of Machu Picchu (also spelt Machu Picchu) consisted of three blocks; one of the three portions was for temple and priests; the main and central portion of it was the ‘Intihuatana’ a shrine for the Sun-God made of shining black granite. It is believed that this temple is constructed in alignment with astronomical positions. The second was for the intellectuals and the influential ones well made with more amenities. The third portion is believed to be for prisoners and remnants equipments to hold them in captivity are visible. As the Mach Picchu site was never discovered by the Spanish and there is no evidence that the Spanish was behind its destruction.
One interesting fact about this site is that the modern world come to know about its existence only very recently when Hiram Bingham a historian and lecturer in the Yale University ‘discovered’ the site in 28th July 1911.There are many citations regarding numerous people seen this site, but it was Mr. Bingham who actually presented a comprehensive report to the outside world. He has even written a book about this location titled ‘The Legendary Lost City’. It was a pity that he had not mentioned anything about the local persons who led him to the site; just remarked ‘local rumors’ led him.
Mr. Bingham has done one more thing; he traveled throughout the area and collected whatever artifacts he could collect and deposited at the Yale University Museum; this lead to an Ownership dispute between the government of Peru and the university. As a result
From Heritage to Endangered!